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Symptoms of lower back pain can begin suddenly or appear gradually. Sometimes, pain occurs after a specific event, such as bending to pick something up. Other times, you may not know what caused the pain. Pain may be sharp or dull and achy, and it may radiate to your bottom or down the rear of your legs (sciatica). If you strain your back during an activity, you may hear a “pop” when it happened. Pain is often worse in certain positions (like bending over) and improves when you relax.

A grownup’s thoracic and lumbar spine is made up of about 17 bones (vertebrae) stacked on top of one another. Between each set of vertebrae lies a cushiony disk, which helps absorb the pressure placed on these bones. Each disk is made up of an outer rind and an inner gel. A herniated lumbar disk occurs when the inner gel of among the five disks in your lumbar spine slips or squishes beyond the outer rind, allowing this inner gel to continue surrounding nerves– causing pain. This slippage can be due to trauma or gradual, age-related damage.

Low back pain can arise from many different injuries, conditions or diseases– usually, an injury to muscles or tendons in the back. Pain can range from mild to severe. In many cases, pain can make it difficult or impossible to walk, sleep, function or do everyday activities. Usually, lower back pain improves with rest, painkiller and physical therapy (PT). Cortisone injections and hands-on treatments (like osteopathic or chiropractic manipulation) can relieve pain and help the healing process. Some back injuries and conditions require surgical repair.

Lower pain in the back is very common. It can result from a strain (injury) to muscles or tendons in the back. Other causes include arthritis, structural problems and disk injuries. Pain often improves with rest, physical therapy and medication. Reduce your risk of low back pain by maintaining a healthy weight and staying active.

ปวดหลังส่วนล่าง and back pain is less likely to be brought on by injury to your muscles and ligaments and more probable to be because of issues with the lumbar disks, nerves, joints or vertebrae,” says Dr. Palmer. “There are several potential causes of chronic pain in the lower back.” In general, osteoarthritis (the most common type of arthritis) and degenerative disk disease (the natural wear and tear of spinal disks) are the underlying root cause of many types of chronic lower neck and back pain. However, lower back pain can also be brought on by accident-related trauma and acute stress.

Lower pain in the back can be related to cancer. Actually, it is among the first symptoms of prostate cancer when it metastasizes and creates lesions. Almost any cancer can spread to the back and some, like sarcoma, can originate in the back. Beware, especially if you are experiencing other symptoms besides lower pain in the back. Talk to your doctor if you have additional symptoms or concerns.

Your provider will ask about your symptoms and do a physical examination. To check for broken bones or other damage, your provider may order imaging studies. These studies help your provider see clear photos of your vertebrae, disks, muscles, ligaments and tendons. Lower neck and back pain usually improves with rest, ice and over the counter pain relievers. After a few days of rest, you can start to get back to your normal activities. Staying active increases blood flow to the location and helps you heal.